Manned Astronautics. Long-term Orbital Stations

1916 - 1960

In April 1916 the Direction of the Russian-Baltic joint stock company pur-chased a large ground area at the outskirts of Moscow not far from the Intercession church in Fili and commenced building of a large plant, which, in 1917, was called the "Second "Russo-Balt" automobile plant". Five years later, in 1922, the plant produced the first five Russian automobiles of "Russo-Balt" brand...

1960 - 1993

At the end of 1959, in accordance with the governmental decision, the enterprise switched to rocket technology. New aviation and aerospace developments were halted. Among those halted developments we can't but mention the supersonic aircraft missile "Buran". "Buran" was equipped with a ram jet engine and lifted off by means of four liftoff boosters.

Khrunichev have created: all Soviet space stations (including Salyut, Almaz and Mir), all heavy-weight modules designed to be docked to space stations in open space, and three-seat re-entry vehicles. In addition to expanding the capacities of the domestic science, placement in orbit and operation of manned spacecraft have created environmental conditions enabling humans to work in open space...

1993 - 2011

Open space is a complicated focal point of human activities, and combining efforts and S&T potentials is a most efficient way to tackle the challenging goals of colonizing this part of the Universe. The Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center was founded on the basis of the Khrunichev Machine Building Plant and the Salyut Design Bureau by Presidential Decree on June 7, 1993. The goal was to make the production business and foreign economic relations of major space industry companies more efficient and to more actively promote Russian technologies in the international market...



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